2.每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。
第一节：单项选择题 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。(本大题共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，共 10 分)
1. The message you intend to convey through words may be the exact opposite of _____ others actually understand.
A. why B. that C. which D. what
2. An agreement seems to be impossible because the majority of the committee members are _______ it.
A. against B. for C .to D. with
3. It was April 29, 2001 Prince William and Kate Middleton walked into
the palace hall of the wedding ceremony.
A. that B. when C. since D. before
4. —These trousers are dirty and wet.
—I’ll change into my ________.
A. another B. trousers C. others D. other
5. — Have you moved into the new house?
—Not yet, the rooms _____.
A. are being painted B. are painting
C. are painted D. are being painting
6. It is futile to discuss the matter further, because ____ going to agree upon anything today.
A. neither you nor I are B. neither you nor me is
C. neither you nor I am D. neither me nor you are
7. So far nobody has claimed the money ______ in the library.
A. discovered B. to be discovered C. discovering D. having discovered
8. As one of the best-known American authors of 20th century, Ernest Hemingway wrote all the following novels EXCEPT______.
A. For Whom the Bell Tolls B. The Green Hills of Africa
C. The Sound and the Fury D. The Old Man and the Sea
9. The utterance “We are already working 25 hours a day, eight days a week.” obviously violates the maxim of____.
A. quality B. manner C. relation D. quantity
A. 认知心理 B. 基本原理 C. 目标体系 D. 情感态度
第二节：完形填空 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从各题所给的四个选项中，选出最佳选项。(本大题共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，共 10 分)
The term e-commerce refers to all commercial transactions conducted over the Internet, including transaction by consumers and business-to-business transactions. Conceptually, e-commerce does not ___11___from well-known commercial offerings such as banking by phone, “mail order” catalogs, or sending a purchase order to supplier from fax. E-commerce follows the same model ___12___ in other business transactions; the difference ___13___ in the details.
To a consumer, the most visible form of e-commerce consists ___14___ online ordering. A customer begins with a catalog of possible items, selects an item, arranges a form of payment, and ___15___ an order. Instead of a physical catalog, e-commerce arranges for catalogs to be ___16___on the Internet. Instead of sending an order on paper or by telephone, e-commerce arranges for orders to be sent beyond a computer network. Finally, instead of sending a paper representation of payment such as a check, e-commerce sends payment information electronically.
In the decade after 1993, in the two decades behind 1992, e-commerce grew from an ___17___novelty(新奇事物)to a mainstream business influence. In 1993, few ___18___ had a web page, and only a handful allowed one to order products or services online. Ten years later, both large and small businesses had web pages, and most provided users with the opportunity to place an order. Besides, many banks added online access, and online banking and bill paying became ___19___. More importantly, the value of goods and services ___20___ over the Internet grew dramatically after 1997.
11. A. distract B. descend C. differ D. derive
12. A. appeared B. used C. resorted D. served
13. A. situates B. lies C. roots D. locates
14. A. on B. of C. for D. to
15. A. sends in B. puts out C. stands for D. carries away
16. A. visible B. responsible C. feasible D. sensible
17. A. optional B. occasional C. invalid D. insignificant
18. A. communities B. corps C. corporations D. compounds
19. A. different B. flexible C. widespread D. productive
20. A. acquired B. adapted C. practiced D. proceeded
第三节：阅读理解题 阅读下面的短文，从每题所给的四个选项 A、B、C 和 D 中选出最佳选项。(本大题共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，共 10 分)
Make Up Your Mind to Succeed
Kind-hearted parents have unknowingly left their children defenseless against failure. The generation born between 1980 and 2001 grew up playing sports where scores and performance were played down because “everyone’s winner.” And their report cards sounded more positive (正面的) than ever before. As a result, Stanford University professor Carol Dweck, PhD, calls them “the overpraised generation.”
Dweck has been studying how people deal with failure for 40 years. Her research has led her to find out two clearly different mind-sets that have a great effect on how we react to it. Here’s how they work:
A fixed mind-set is grounded in the belief that talent is genetic – you’re a born artist, point guard, or numbers person. The fixed mind-set believes it’s sure to succeed without much effort and regards failure as personal shame. When things get difficult, it’s quick to blame, lie, and even stay away from future difficulties.
On the other hand, a growth mind-set believes that no talent is entirely heaven-sent and that effort and learning make everything possible. Because the ego isn’t on the line as much, the growth mind-set sees failure as a chance rather than shame. When faced with a difficulty, it’s quick to rethink, change and try again. In fact, it enjoys this experience.
We are all born with growth mind-sets. (Otherwise, we wouldn’t be able to live in the world.) But parents, teachers, and instructors often push us into fixed mind-sets by encouraging certain actions and misdirecting praise. Dweck’s book, Mind-set: The New Psychology of Success, and online instructional program explain this in depth. But she says there are many little things you can start doing today to make sure that your children, grandchildren and even you are never defeated by failure.
21. What does the author think about the present generation?
A. They don’t do well at school. B. They are often misunderstood.
C. They are eager to win in sports. D. They are given too much praise.
22. A fixed mind-set person is probably one who ___.
A. doesn’t want to work hard
B. cares a lot about personal safety
C. cannot share his ideas with others
D. can succeed with the help of teachers
23. What does the growth mind-set believe?
A. Admitting failure is shameful.
B. Talent comes with one’s birth.
C. Scores should be highly valued.
D. Getting over difficulties is enjoyable.
24. What should parents do for their children based on Dweck’s study?
A. Encourage them to learn from failures.
B. Prevent them from making mistakes.
C. Guide them in doing little things.
D. Help them grow with praise.
One of the greatest contributions to the first Oxford English Dictionary was also one of its most unusual. In 1879, Oxford University in England asked Prof. James Murray to serve as editor for what was to be the most ambitious dictionary in the history of the English language. It would include every English word possible and would give not only the definition but also the history of the word and quotations (引文) showing how it was used.
This was a huge task. So Murrary had to find volunteers from Britain, the United States, and the British colonies to search every newspaper, magazine, and book ever written in English. Hundreds of volunteers responded, including William Chester Minor. Dr. Minor was an American Surgeon who had served in the Civil War and was now living in England. He gave his address as “Broadmoor, Crowthorne, Berkshire,” 50 miles from Oxford.
Minor joined the army of volunteers sending words and quotations to Murray. Over the next years, he became one of the staff’s most valued contributors.
But he was also a mystery. In spite of many invitations, he would always decline to visit Oxford. So in 1897, Murray finally decided to travel to Crow throne himself. When he arrived, he found Minor locked in a book-lined cell at the Broadmoor Asylum for the criminally insane.
Murray and Minor became friends, sharing their love of words. Minor continued contributing to the dictionary, sending in more than 10,000 submissions in 20 years. Murray continued to visit Minor regularly, sometimes taking walks with him around the asylum grounds.
In 1910, Minor left Broadmoor for an asylum in his native America. Murray was at the port to wave goodbye to his remarkable friend.
Minor died in 1920, seven years before the first edition of the Oxford English Dictionary was completed. The 12 volumes defined 414,825 words, and thousands of them were contributions from a very scholarly and devoted asylum patient.
25. According to the text, the first Oxford English Dictionary _________.
A. came out before minor died
B. was edited by an American volunteer
C. included the English words invented by Murray
D. was intended to be the most ambitious English dictionary
26. How did Dr. Minor contributed to the dictionary?
A. He helped Murray to find hundreds of volunteers.
B. He sent newspapers, magazines and books to Murray.
C. He provided a great number of words and quotations
D. he went to England to work with Murray.
27. Why did Dr. Minor refuse to visit Oxford?
A. He was shut in an asylum B. He lived far from Oxford
C. He was busy writing a book D. He disliked traveling
28. Prof. Murray and Dr. Minor became friends mainly because __________.
A. they both served in the Civil War.
B. They had a common interest in words
C. Minor recovered with the help of Murray
D. Murray went to America regularly to visit Minor
29. Which of the following best describe Dr. Minor?
A. Brave and determined B. Cautious and friendly
C. Considerate and optimistic D. Unusual and scholarly
30. What does the text mainly talk about?
A. The history of the English language.
B. The friendship between Murray and Minor
C. Minor and the first Oxford English Dictionary
D. Broadmoor Asylum and is patients
第四节：字母和单词注音(本大题共 10 小题，每小题 0. 5 分，共 5 分)
31. h[ ] 32.x[ ] 33.z[ ] 34.hers[ ]
35. feeling[ ] 36.climber[ ] 37.traffic[ ] 38.saw[ ]
39. twentieth[ ] 40.heard[ ]
第五节：填空题(本大题共 5 小题，每小题 1 分，共 5 分)
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