第一节：单项选择题 从每题所给的A, B, C, D四个选项中，选出最佳选项(本大题共15小题，每小题1分，共15分)
1. ______ to nuclear radiation, even for a short time, may influence genes in human bodies.
A. Having exposed B. Being exposed
C. To expose D. Exposed
2. —Dad, have you seen my Christmas card?
—______ you painted last night? I’m afraid I haven’t seen ______.
A. One; one B. The one; it
C. One; it D. The one; that
3. — Why didn’t you help the little boy?
—Oh, he had struggled to his feet ______ I could run over and offered any help.
A. before B. after
C. when D. since
4. — What did she want to know, Tom?
— She wondered ______ we could complete the experiment.
A. when was it B. it was when that
C. it was when D. when it was that
5. This restaurant has an inviting, homelike atmosphere ______ many others are short of.
A. where B. when
C. that D. what
6. — Can you do me a favour, Mr. Smith? My car ______ start.
— No problem. You can count on it.
A. won’t B. mustn’t
C. needn’t D. shouldn’t
7. — Thank you for reminding me of the time, or I _______ late for the flight yesterday.
— Don’t mention it.
A. will have been B. would have been
C. must be D. could be
8. While interacting with people in India, I was ________ to a way of life completely different from my own.
A. reduced B. exposed
C. committed D. transferred
9. —I feel caught between experience and jobs after graduation.
—It’s really _______ —without experience you can’t get a job and without a job you can’t get experience.
A. a catch-22 B. a Herculean task
C. a sacred cow D. a Mickey Mouse course
10. After college, he was employed in a middle school and _______ there ever since.
A. would worked B. had worked
C. worked D. has worked
11. I keep the picture where I can see it every day, ______ reminds me of the days in my hometown.
A. that B. which
C. who D. when
A. 目标文化 B. 文化内容 C. 文化意识 D. 本土文化
A. 交际策略 B. 阐释策略 C. 理解策略 D. 监控策略
14. The novel Pride and Prejudice was written by the famous woman writer ______.
A. Charlotte Bronte B. Emily Bronte C. Jane Austen D. Jane Eyre
15. The opening between the vocal cords is sometimes referred to as _______.
A. glottis B. vocal cavity C. pharynx D. uvula
“He looks normal.”That’s what everybody says when I tell them my son was just diagnosed as autism(孤独症). They all say it without exception.
It’s true. Alejandro does look like every other 16 boy. He plays, he smiles, and he runs around with the two-year-old boy’s boundless energy until he is too tired. He laughs when you move your fingers 17 on a sensitive part of his body. And he often plays with his toys like every other young child at his age.
But most of the time, Alejandro 18 in his own little world playing with his toys all by himself even in a group of kids and ignoring you when you talk to him loudly. At that time he’s alone, no matter how hard you try to 19 him.
My wife and I get 20 . We ask for “nose kisses”or hugs and many times he doesn’t notice us. It’s extremely anxious when your child’s face is right in front of you and he won’t admit your presence.
He regularly doesn’t eat. The food often bothers him when he puts it in his mouth. He is very small 21 his age. We are told that it’s another effect of the autism.
Because autism isn’t like some other 22 , there is no set treatment. Each child needs to be treated 23 ; what works for one probably doesn’t work for another. Try a treatment. If it doesn’t work, you have to try another 24 you hopefully find something that does work.
The future is cloudy, but we will try everything we can do to reach him, because we love him and we know he’ s a special little boy. And we believe with the help of love, we can 25 any difficulty.
16.A. naughty B. normal C. alone D. stupid
17.A. lightly B. secretly C. heavily D. greatly
18.A. exists B. sleeps C. studies D. works
19.A. reach B. wake C. relieve D. comfort
20.A.tired B. bored C. discouraged D. upset
21.A. at B. for C. under D.over
22.A. diseases B. causes C. factors D. sufferings
23.A. equally B. individually C. similarly D. usually
24.A. unless B. when C. until D. though
25.A. treat B. experience C. discover D. overcome
It is no secret among athletes that in order to improve performance you’ve got to work hard. However, hard training breaks you down and makes you weaker, It is rest that makes you stronger. Improvement only occurs during the rest period following hard training. This adaptation is accomplished by improving efficiency of the heart and certain systems within the muscle cells. During recovery periods these systems build to greater levels to compensate for the stress that you have applied. The result is that you are now at a higher level of performance.
If sufficient rest is not included in a training program, imbalance between excess training and inadequate rest will occur, and performance will decline. The “over-training syndrome(综合症)” is the name given to the collection of emotional, behavioral, and physical symptoms due to over-training that has persisted for weeks to months. It is marked by cumulative exhaustion that persists even after recovery periods.
The most common symptom is fatigue. This may limit workouts and may be present at rest. The athlete may also become moody, easily imitated, have altered sleep patterns, become depressed, or lose the competitive desire and enthusiasm for the sport, Some will report decreased appetite and weight loss. Physical symptoms include persistent muscular soreness, increased frequency of viral (病毒性的) illnesses, and increased incidence of injuries.
The treatment for the over-training syndrome is rest. The longer the over-training has occurred, the more rest required, Therefore, early detection is very important, If the over-training has only occurred for a short period of time (e.g. 3-4 weeks) then interrupting training for 3-5 days is usually sufficient rest. It is important that the factors that lead to over-training be identified and corrected. Otherwise, the over-training syndrome is likely to recur. The over-training syndrome should be considered in any athlete who manifests symptoms of prolonged fatigue and whose performance has leveled off or decreased. It is important to exclude any underlying illness that may be responsible for the fatigue.
26. The first paragraph of the passage tells us that ________.
A. the harder an athlete trains, the better his performance will be
B. rest after vigorous training improves an athlete’s performance
C. strict systematic training is essential to an athlete’s top performance
D. improvement of an athlete’s performance occurs in the course of training
27. By “over-training” the author means ________.
A. a series of physical symptoms that occur after training
B. undue emphasis on the importance of physical exertion
C. training that is not adequately compensated for by rest
D. training that has exceeded an athlete’s emotional limit
28. What does the passage tell us about the “over-training” syndrome?
A. It occurs when athletes lose interest in sports.
B. It appears right after a hard training session.
C. The fatigue it results in is unavoidable in the athlete’s training process.
D. It manifests itself in fatigue which lingers even after a recovery period
29. What does the phrase “level off” (Line 7, Para 4) most probably mean?
A. Slow down. B. Become dull.
C. Stop improving. D. Be on the decline.
30. The author advises at the end of the passage that ________.
A. over-training syndrome should be treated as a serious illness
B. over-training syndrome should be prevented before it occurs
C. an athlete with over-training syndrome should take a lengthy rest
D. illness causing fatigue should not be mistaken for over-training syndrome
In the United States. When the early Protestant immigrants (新教徒移民) came to this country, they brought the idea that work was the way to God and heaven. This attitude, the Protestant Work Ethic(道德规范), still influences America today. Work is not only important for economic benefits, the salary, but also for social and psychological needs, the feeling of doing something for the good of the society. Americans spend most of their lives working, being productive. For most Americans, their work defines(给…下定义) them: they are what they do. What happens then, when a person can no longer work?
Almost all Americans stop working at age sixty-five or seventy and retire. Because work is such an important part of life in this culture, retirement can be very difficult. Retirees often feel that they are useless and unproductive. Of course, some people are happy to retire; but leaving one’s job, whatever it is, is a difficult change, even for those who look forward to retiring. Many retirees do not know how to use their time or they feel lost without their jobs.
Retirements can also bring financial problems. Many people rely on Social Security checks every month. During their working years, employees contribute a certain percentage of their salaries to the government. Each employer also gives a certain percentage to the government. When people retire, they receive this money as income. These checks do not provide enough money to live on, however, because prices are increasing very rapidly. Senior citizens, those over sixty-five, have to have savings in the bank or other retirement plans to make ends meet. The rate of inflation(通货膨胀) is forcing prices higher each year; Social Security checks alone cannot cover these growing expenses. The government offers some assistance(补助), Medicare(health care)and welfare(general assistance), but many senior citizens have to change their life styles after retirement. They have to spend carefully to be sure that they can afford to buy food, fuel and other necessities.
Of course, many senior citizens are happy with retirement. They have time to spend with their families or enjoy their hobbies. Some continue to work part time, others do volunteer(志愿) work. Some, like those in the Retired Business Executives Association, even help young, people to get started in new business. Many retired citizens also belong to “Golden Age” groups. These organizations plan trips and social events. There are many chances for retirees.
American society is only beginning to be concerned about the special physical and emotional needs of its senior citizens. The government is taking steps to ease the problem of limited income. They are building new housing, offering discounts(折扣) in stores and museums and on buses, and providing other services such as free courses, food service, and help with housework. Retired citizens are a rapidly growing percentage of the population. This part of the population is very important and we must meet their needs. After all, every citizen will be a senior citizen some day.
31. The early immigrants considered work ___.
A. too hard B. important
C. pleasant D. dull
32. Why do Americans like working? Because working ___.
A. doesn’t only mean money but it is also psychological
B. can make life more comfortable
C. can prove people to be independent
D. gives people funny
33. We can safely put forward that retirees who ___.
A. have no financial problems still want to earn more money
B. have financial problems still feel lost
C. have no financial problems still feel lost
D. have no financial problems feels it’s hard to make ends meet
34. According to the passage the government ___.
A. hadn’t paid attention to the retirees’ problems
B. has already solved a lot of retirees’ problems
C. has just begun to pay attention to the retirees’ problems
D. won’t pay attention to the retirees’ problems
35. Which of the following is not steps taken for the benefit of senior citizens by the government?
A. New housing has been built.
B. The old are offered discounts in stores.
C. Senior citizens are provided free courses, food service.